The Politics of Kenya take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kenya is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. The signing of the National in February 2008 Accord resulted into the formation of a Grand Coalition Government whereby executive powers are shared between the President and a Prime Minister.

Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.


A constitutional referendum was held in Kenya on August 4, 2010 on whether to adopt the new proposed constitution passed by parliament on April 1, 2010. It was promulgated on 27 August 2010. The event was graced by a number of African leaders and praised by the international community. On that day the new constitution, heralding the Second Republic, came into force.

The Constitution provides for purely presidential system and defines new structures in the administration and management of public affairs and in Kenya bringing into the fore the many international conventions Kenya is signatory. In that pursuit, powers have been devolved from the centre to the Counties, which will themselves have their own legislatures and County governments.

Importantly also are the many reforms including in the Judiciary in which the Supreme Court has been established. Unprecedented is the public interviews to fill those positions, all aimed at improving the administration of justice. Other sectors that have witnessed significant reforms include the police service, the management of national resources, including the budgeting process parliament as well as public service, among others.

To explore these developments in-depth, we recommend a reading of the Kenya Constitution 2011 found on: